SECTION 5 REVISED GLOBAL HAZARD COMMUNICATION STANDARD

("RIGHT TO KNOW") AND

"OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE STANDARD"

(CHEMICALS IN LABORATORIES)


THE REVISED GLOBAL HAZARD COMMUNICATION STANDARD

T he revised Gl o bal Hazard S tandard was released in the Code of Federal Reg ulatio ns for Labor on Mar ch 20 , 201.2 . A copy of law is found in chapt e r 2 of this manual. The standard addresses potentially hazardous c hemicals in the wo rkplace. The revised s tand ard will be upd ated every 2 years. The 2012 re vise d law is a revisio n of the 1989 Hazard Comm unication S tand ard. The reason for the upd ate is to a l.ig n the OSHA s tandard with a global chemical standard called theGlobally Harmo nized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS ). Th is GHS was developed by tbe United Natio ns. Chemicals will be classified accordi ng to the ir healt h and physic al hazards (the re wil l be 10 health hazards and J 6 physic al hazards). What is theGlobally Harm oni zed Sys1e m of Classification and Labeling of Chemi cals (GHS)? It is an i nternationally acce pted system of classificatio n and labeling of chemicals. Un it e d S ta tes adoption of this syste m will hel p man ufactur ers classify their produc ts fo r loca l a n d internatio nal distribution.

POLI C Y : T he employe r will ins ure that employees ha ve a s afe and healthful work e nviro nm ent when working wit h chemicals.

The Hazard Communi ca ti o n S tandard covers employee physical and health haza rds related to chemicals found in the medical fac ili ty. T he p urpose is to ens ure that employees be informed about the particular haza rdous s ubstances in their work place, the hea lth ris ks assoc iated with them, and ho w to take pro tec tive ac tio n. Il requfres the fo llo wing:

l. A written Hazar d Comm uni ca tion Pr ogra m that evaluates potenti al chemical haza rds and comm unica tes info rm ation co nce rning these hazards. Pla n wiU be reviewed and upgraded ann uall y.

2. Developin g polic ies o n p ro tec tive meas ures to be used.

3. . Having procedures in place to foUow if an expo s ure to a chemical occur

4. S afety Data Sheets (SDS ) for all hazardous chemicals found in the work place. SDS's m ust be inve ntoried, ind e xed and reviewed annua lly.

5. A hazard labeling system thaL provides an imm ediate warning fo r em ployees wo rking with h azardo us c hemicals. (see "Label" section of manua l)

6. Docume nted employee trainin g on chemica l safe ty.

7. Proper storage of chemica ls.

8. Pos ting of OSHA requir ed docum ents, posters and reports.

Inspection Fo r T his S ta nd ard: The best defense to avo id OSHA viola tio ns and fi nes is to know the Ja w and be prepared by providing employees with a safe and healthful work e nviro nment as sp ec ified b y OSHA. An OSHA inspection of the work place can occur when a n e mployee, patient or ap propriat e representative files a complaint with OSHA. If the work place has more than ten emplo yees it can be s ubject to an admini st ra ti ve in s pectio n by OSH A witho ut a co m plaint. The facili ty does have the 1ight to refuse an ins pec tion if the safety offi cer or emplo yer is not on-site (t his at best only buys the fac ili ty a brief amount of time before the inspector returns). T he inspectio n may not be refused if the OSHA representative has a Jeg al war rant to co nduc t an inspectio n.


HAZARD COMMUNICATION PROGRAM

In order Lo co mply with The Occupa tional Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Revised Global Hazard Communication S tandard, the followin g written Hazard Communi cat ion P rogram has been developed and imple mented by:


(Name of Practice or Emplo yer)

The purpose of the plan is to eval uate the work place for chemica l hazards and to communi cate safety inform a tion to all s taff. AU hazardous chemicals known to be present in the work place to which employees may be exposed under norma l conditions of use or in a fo reseea ble emergency including the potential for expos ure are incl uded in the plan.

All employees with potential ex pos ure are incl ud ed in this program. This plan w ill be in full vie w and available in a designated area for review by an interested emplo yee. The p la n will be available to all sraff at all times. Informat ion in this plan will be incl uded in all new employee orientation programs and annual safety training. The pla n will be updated as needed with new inform a tion about hazardous mate1ials and a ll newly int roduce d hazardous materials. h1formation will be incl uded about all routine and non -routine tasks .


Date Indi vidual responsible for the revise d Hazard Communi cation &

Occ upa tional Expos ure Plan

If this perso n cha nges - write the date changed and new name here:







OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE TO HAZARDOUS CHEMICALS

On January 31, I990, the Occupational Exposure to Hazardous Chemicals in Laboratories Standard (29 CPR 1 910.1450) was released. The standard became effective on May 1, 1990, giving labs until January 31, 1991 to comply . The new standard was developed because OSHA found that la boratories differed from the nonnal setting in handling of hazardous chemicals and OSHA felt this required further clarification. The intent of the Jaw is to increase worker awareness of the risks associated with chern ica] hazards in labora tories and to improve work practices Lhrough education and the use of protective equipm e nt.

The Chemical Hygiene Plan is the core of the stand ard and must be <le ve l.o ped by Lhe employer. The plan must be in writing and requires certain documentation and training, along witb the use of protective equipment. The plan wi ll be reviewed and upgraded ann uall y.

The plan must include:

1. Control measures - work practice and engineering

2. Someone in the work place must be designated as the ''Chemical Hygiene Officer"

3. Measures for appropriate maintenance

4. Use of personal protective eq uipment (PP E)

5. SDS information on all laboratory chemica ls

6. P o licies for medica l follow- up for inju ries

7. Educational programs - annual ly or before start of job

Since this manual i s wr i tten for s maller faci li ties s uch as phy s ician offices which only have s m a ll laboratori es - mostof what must be accomplishedi s already contained in theHazard Communication Program (inventory lists,SDS's, hazard labels, etc.), therefore this chapter will cover both standard s together.


SAFETY DATA SHEETS

DEFINITION

A Safety Data S hee t (SDS) is a written description of the physical and chemica l properties of a hazardous chemical, physical and health hazards, and precaution s for safe handling and use .

PO L ICY :

SDS's will be available for all haza rdous chemica ls found in the work place. Employees will be trained on the use, loca tion and purpose of the SDS's.

RESPONSIBILITIES

C hemic a l m a nufacturers and importer s :

• Provide SDS's. SDS' s were formerly call material safety data sheets (SDS' s). Under the revised standard manufacturers have until June 1, 2015 to change the MSDS format to the new SDS format.

• Provide upda tes within tlu-ee mo nths of availab ility of new information on hazardous p roperties.

E mpl oye r s:

• Obtain, reta i n, impl ement and upd ate SDS ' s for each HAZARDO US CHEMICAL present in the work place.

• Maintain an i nventory (a-z) of SDS 's.

• Rev iew the SDS notebook annu a lly (or as needed).

• Provide information on chemica ls as part of an in-service trainin g

• Ins ure that all employees know where to find the SDS's and how to utilize the information.

• Retain SDS's for a minimum 30 years if invo lved in an em ployee exposure .

LOCAT IO N OF SDS'S


The SOS's in this facility are located: _ _


_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _


_ _ _


_ _ _ _ _


The safety office r will be responsibl e for upd ating and obtaining S DS' s.


HOW TO OBTAIN SDS's

SDS' s m·e a vailab le from the man ufact urer*. It is the responsibility of the fac ility to obtain an SDS for any produc t that is covered by this sta ndard. T hey can be obt ained by calling the manu facturer, requesting the SDS from the sup plier who you order the produc t from, calling the company on the phone, going the manufacturer' s web site, going to a web site that supplies SDS ' s or by writing to the man ufacturer.

HOW TO READ A SDS

( SAFETYDATA SHEE T)

THE F OLLOW ING REQ UI RED INFORMATION IS F O U ND ON A SOS:

The 16 part safety data sheet will be formatted as follo ws:

1. Identificat io n - Name and manufacture r

2. H azar d identification

3. Composition/ingre dients

4. fi rst aid measures

5. Accidental release measures

6. Firefi ghting measures

7. Handling and storage

8. Exposure co ntrols/personal protection

9. Physica l and chemica l properties 10 . Stab ility and reactiv ity

L l. T o x.ico logical information

12. Ecolo gical informatio n

13. DisposaJ

14. Transport

15. Regula tory information

16. Other information s uch as date of informatjon

* Under the revised standard manufacturers have until June 1, 2015 to change theMSDS format to the new SDS format.


STANDARD OPERA TING PROCEDURES FOR HAZARD COMMUNICATION & CHEMICAL HYGIENE PLAN

General precautions for handling all facility and la boratory chemicals will be adopted to minimize exposure.

F ACILITY PLAN/POLICY:

1. All hazardous chemicals in tbe work place wil l be ide ntified.

2. Safety Data Sheets (SDS) will be obtained for all chemicals identified.

3. An index (A-Z) will be made of the che micals and placed at the beginning of the SDS file or notebook.

4. The SOS notebook will be upgraded as needed or annually.

5. All chemicals will be properly labele d (instruc tio ns fo und in labeling chapter).

6. All employees will be training on the Hazard Communication and Chemica l H ygiene plan at the time of hire a nd annuaJly. Thi s training will inc l ude how to find and use SDS, work practice co ntrols. personal protective equ ipme nt. enginee ring co ntro ls, how to report an exposure and exposure follow-up policy.

7. Any medica tions co ntainin g h azar dous ingredients (i.e. c hemothe rapy) will be included in this program. If a SOS is not avai lable, the pharm ace ut ical manufacturer package insert will be used.

8. Any em ployee show ing symptoms associated with exposed to a che mical will be provided medical consulta tion.

FACILITY POLICY FOR EXPOSURE AND SPILLS:

Eye contact:

Promptly go to eye wash sta tion and flush eyes with water for a prolonged period (15 minutes). Report expos ure. Seek medical attention if necessary.

Ingestion:

CHECK SDS - enco urage the vic tim to drink large amounts of water if recomme nded. Repo rt expos ure. Seek medical attention if recommended.


Skin Contact:

Promptly flush the affected area with water and remove any contaminated clo thing . If exposure symptoms persist after washing, report exposure and seek medical attention if recommended.

Chemical Spills:

Promptly clean up spills according to directions found on pg. 5-10.

AVOIDING UNNECESSARY EXPOSURE TO CHEMICALS - STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES - WORK PRACTICE AND ENGINEERING CONTROLS

l. Do not s meU or taste chemicals.

2. Use protective gloves, goggles and clothing coverin g when working with a chemica l that can be hazardous to the skin.

3. Wash hands after removing gloves.

4. Appropriate eye protection, will be worn whenever chemica l s plashing may occur. All personnel will know when to use and where to find.

5. Clean goggles and face shields before storing.

6. Do not eat, drink, smoke, chew gum, or apply cosmetics in areas where hazardous chemicals are present. Wash hands before conducting these ac tivit ies .

7. Do not store, handle or consume food or beverages in areas where chemicals are used or stored (i.e. lab refrigerators).

8. All c he mica ls and eq uipm ent will be properly labeled. If a label or warning is missing it will be reported to the safety officer.

9. An appropriate sign will be placed on the door to chemical storage areas.

10. Employees will be provided safety information and advise d about chem ica l hazards.

11. Confine long hair and Loose clothing whe n working with chemicals.

12. Avoid practical jokes or other behavior which m ig ht confuse, startle or distract another worke r.

13. Keep the work area clea n and uncluttered. Clean the work area as needed or upon completion of each day.

J4 . A fire extinguisher appropriate fo r chemical fires will be in the work area where cbemjcals are used. Extjnguisher will be tagged and jnspec ted monthly.


15. The eye wash will be within 10 seconds or 100 feet from an area where an exposure may occur. The function will be monitored no less than every 3 months. Hot water will be turned off if faucet does not have separate hot and cold ha ndle s.

16. If che micals can disc harge toxic fume s - work in a well ventilated area or use a fu me hood if available. If in doubt - measure permissible exposure limit (PEL ) of chemical (if applicable).

17. Use appropriate respiratory equipment when air contaminant concentrations are not within permissible exposure limits. Cns pect respirators before use .

18. Avoid use of contact lenses in the laboratory if fumes are a problem.

J 9. Ha ndle, store and wash laboratory glassware with care. Use glassware only for it s designed purpose.

20. Do not use mouth pipette. Use a bulb or automated pipette.

21. Leave lab coat in la boratory.

22. Wear shoes at all times in the laboratory. Do not wear sandal s, perforated shoes. s neakers, or any shoes made of canvas.

23. If more than 5 gallons of :flammable chemicals are stored in facility. a flame proof cabinet will be used .

24. All chemical exposures requiring more than minor firs t aid wj)J be re p01te cl and documented. Document incid ent on a general accide nt incident report form (found in record keeping section of manu al). The employer will provide appropriate med ical follow-up. Documentation from the health care provider who sees tbe employee will be provided to the employer. The employer should get confinnation that the employee has kept appointments and been see n and

treated. All i ncid e n t reports wilJ be kept for 30 years. All follow-up will be at no cost to lbe emp loyee.

25. Employee wil1 be alert to unsafe conditions and address concerns with the safety officer.

26. The safety officer will see that safety concerns of employees are seriously cons idered and that they are correc ted (if detected).

ADDITIONAL POLICIES SPECIF IC TO THIS FACTLJTY:



CHEMICAL SPILLS


5 - IO


All chemical spil ls will be handled as potential hazards. Revie w the SDS for appropriate ventilation, containme nt and disposal.

Chemical Spill on Counter or Flo or:

1. Wear protective equip ment. Use double gloves or heavy duty utility gloves. Spill clean up may require goggles, mask and gown.

2 . Ac t quickly to contain spill. Use approved absorbent neu tralizing materials or spill kit to wipe up if necessary.

3. Use proper safety technique to pick up broken glass.

4. Disi nfect area after cleaning. Allow to air dry.

5. Dispose of all contamin ated material in proper hazardous waste container.

6. Report 1.arge o r dangerous spills to sup ervisor before attempting to clean up.

7. U chemical spill is toxic or gives off strong fumes, evacuate area and get professiona l help.

Note: Commercial spill kits will be purchased or developed by facility if there is the potential for large or toxic spills.

A commercial spill kit to clean up a mercury spill will be purchased if applicable.

Chemical E xpos ure to Skin:

When a chem ical is spilled on the skin, follow reco mmendations described on the SDS.

J. Removed all contami nated clothing as quickly as possible.

2. Flush the area of contamination thoroughly with large amounts of water .

3. Wash area wi.th soap and wate r.

4. Do not use c reams, lo tions, or sa l ves on the skin until you have asked for medical advice.


Location of general spill kit:_ _ _


_ _ _


_ _ _


_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _


Location of mercury spiU kit: _ _ _ _


_ _ _


_ _ _


_ _ _


_ _ _


_ _ _


_ _ _ _ _ _


CHEMICAL STORAGE

Storage ofl aborato ry chemicals presents an ongoing safety problem. If a n acjd storage cabjnet or fire cabinet is req uj1·ed, acids and flammable products would be stored separately in these safe ty cabinets. Most labs will have man y inert che micals. Inert chemicals can be stored on the top shelves. CORROSIVES CHEMICALS MUST NOT BE STORED ABOVE S HOULDER LE VEL.

The followi ng is an exa mple of a shelf storage pattern requiring only two shelf uni ts.

INORGANIC

ORGA N I C

Sulfu r, Phosphorus, Arsenic, Phosphorus Pentoxide

Alco hols, Glycols, Amine s, Amides, Imines, ln ides

HaUdes, S ulfates, S ulfi tes,

Thios ulfates, Phos phates, Halogens

Hydrocarbons, Esters, Aldehyde s

Amides, Nitrates, (Except Ammonium Nit rate), Nitrjtes, Azides,

Nitric Acid

Ethers, Ke tones , Ketenes,

Haloge nated Hydrocarbons. Ethylene O xide

Metals , Hyd1ides

Epox y Compounds, Isocy nate s

Hydroxides, Oxides, Silicates, Carbonates, Cru:bon

S ulfides, Polysulfides, S ulfoxide s, Nitriles

Arse nates, Cyanides, Cyanales

Ph eno ls, C reso ls

Sulfides, Selenides, Phosph jdes, Carbides, Nitrides

Peroxides, Hydroperoxides, Azide s

Borates, Chro mates, Manganates, Permanganates

Acids, Anhydr ides, Peracids

Chi.ora tes, Perchlorates,

P e rch loric Acid, Chlorites , Hypochlorites, Peroxides, Hydrogen Peroxide

Miscellaneous

Acids (Except Nitric)

Nitric Acid


CHEMICAL EFFECTS ON TARGET ORGANS

HEPATOTOXINS:

Chemicals which produce liver damage.

Signs and s ymp toms would be jaundice and/or liver enlargement. Chemicals that cause this problem: Carbon tetrachloride; nitrosamines.

NEPHROTOXINS :

Chemicals which produce kidney damage.

Signs and sympto ms would be edema and/or proteinuria.

Chemicals that cause this problem: halogenated hydrocarbons; uranium.

NEUROTOXINS:

Chemicals which produce their primaiy toxic effects on the nervous system.

Signs and symptoms can be narcosis, behavioral changes, decrease in motor functions. Chem.icals that cause this problem: Mercury; carbon disulfide

HEMATOPOIETIC SYSTEM - BLOOD:

Chemicals that cause decrease hemoglobin function , which deprives body tiss ues of oxygen. Signs and symptoms can by cyanos is; Joss of conscious ness.

Chemicals that cause this problem: carbon-monoxide; cyanides.

LUNG DAMAG E :

Chemicals which irritate or damage the pulmonary tissue.

Sign s and symptoms would be cough, tightnes s in c hest s hortness of breath. Che1nical that cause this problem: silica, asbestos.

REPRODUCTIVE TOXINS :

Chemical which affect the reproductive capabilities including chromosomal damage (mutations) and effects of fetuses (teratogenesis).

Sig ns and symptoms wo uld be birth defects or sterility. Chemica ls that can cause this problem: lead, DBCP

CUTANEOUS HAZARDS:

Chemicals that affect the dermal layer of the body.

Signs and sympt oms could be defatting of the skin, rashes, irritation. Chemicals that cause these problems: ketones, chlorinated compounds.

EYE HAZARDS :

Chemica ls which affect the eye or visual capacity .

Signs and symptoms would be conjunctivitis and/or corneal damage. Chemicals that can cause this problem: organic solvents, acids.


GAS TANK CYLINDER SAFETY

Many facilities have gas cylinder tanks such as oxygen, nitrogen, carbon dioxide and nitro us oxide.

POLICY: T he followi ng precautions will be taken with gas tanks:

lai" Use only in well ventilated areas.

llli' Valve protection caps and valve outl e t threaded pl ugs must re ma in in place and closed when not in use.

ll(i> Do not drag or roll cyli nder.

Larger cylinders will be sec ured on a s uita ble hand trnck or sec ured to the wall with cable or chain. Keep in loca tio n where it is unli kely to be hit or knocked down.

1f cylind ers are stored in a closet - mark the storage area with a sign that says "Danger Compressed Gas".

irii' Keep cylinder away from heat .

s- Do not smoke in area wbere c ylind er is being used.

O pen valve slowly - facing away from you. Do not force a valve to open if stuck.

All c ylinders should be labeled by the manufacturer in comp lia nce with OSHA labeling regulations. If the cylinder comes un-marked - DO NOT ACCEPT IT

When cylinder is empty close valve and mark em pty. Store away from fuJJ c ylinders untiJ picked

up.


X-RAY PRECAUTION

Facilities perfonning X-Rays must be State lice nced and inspected regularly by the State. lt is the responsibility of the facility to in compliance with the State and federal regulations. Facilities will obtain a copy of the State reguJations. Person performing the X-rays will have documenled train ing and licence (if required by State).

POLICY:


.I Door t,o


u·ea where X-Rays are performed wj)] be marked with a radiation caution symbol.


.I Door to the room where the X-Ray machine is located will be marked with a radiation cauti on symbo l.

Monitoring devices such as film badges, pocket dosimeters, etc. will be used by personnel performing X-rays and results wilJ be recorded.

./ Operator will not be in the room when the X-ray is taken.

./ Gloves will be worn when handling exposed film.

./ Film will be processed according to manufacturers recommendations.

./ Vats of film developing chemicals will be labeled appropriately and according Lo the infonnation on the SDS for that chem ica l.

.I SDS must be available on al1 che mica ls.

.I All c hemica l s pills will be cleaned up us ing the proper technique for che mic al s p ills.

.I Persona l protective equipment will be worn by the personnel when performing procedures.

./ IL is the res pons ibility of the Employer to know how used chemica ls are disposed of and if it is in accorda nce with local and waste regulations.

General Infection Control: All patients calling to schedule a chest X-ray will be questioned if the reason for the X-ray is to fo llow-up a positive Manto ux test. If the answer is yes, the patient will be asked to wear a surgical mask and the technician will wear an OSHA approved respirator mask when pe1fonning the test. Any patient who has an uncontrollable cough (unknown reason) will be asked lo wear a surg ica l mask while test is performed. Standard precautions will be followed for all patients.


GUIDELINES FOR X-RAY - FLUO ROSCOPY

Guidelines for the technologist:

l. Lead aprons and lead thyroid shields are used when a technologi st and radiologist is present during fluoroscopic examination.

2. Lead gloves are used when it is necessary - i.e.: holding a patient:, positioning a patient during fluoroscopy.

3. All technologist wear film badges to monitor any radiation that they may have absorbed.

4. Both (all) doors in each X-ray room are to be closed to prevent scatter radiation outside of the room.

5. X-ray technologists are to step outside the room and stand behind a lea d door when taking the exposure.

6. If it is not possible to be outside the room, the room m us t have a lead ban·ier for the technologist co s tand behind when taking the exposure.

7. Lead aprons will be on the fluoroscopic caniages to prevent scatter radiation.

8. Rubb er glove s and masks will be available for tec hnologist s, radiologists and patients when necessary.

G uid e lin es fo r t h e pa t i e n t:

1. Lead aprons are to be worn by any person needed to hold or assist in obtaining X-rays of a patients.

2. All patients are shielded with lead aprons or masks whenever possibl e. That is when the shielding does not obscure the part being examined.

3. Pregnant patients are not exposed, unless it is absolutely necessary. In that event, a relea se form must be signed. Abdomen is s hielded(wrap-around lead gown) whenever possible - i.e.; chest X-ray.


HAZARDOUS CHEMICALS & X - RAY RADIATION MONITORING

Radiation badge/dosimeters and equipment maintenance records in the facility of


_ _ _


_ _ _


_ _ _ _ _


_ _ _ _


_ _ _ _ _


_ are maintained by (tit le o r name)


_ _ _ _ _


_ _ _ _ _


_ _ _


_ _ _ _ _ _


_ _ and kept (location) _


_ _ _


_ _ _


[f the person in charge of record keeping changes - record below:

Date: Date:

PERMISSIBLE EXPOSURE LIMITS (PEL's) - REQUIREMENTS

The OSHA Stand,ud is p e rfor mance orie nted. Specific method s of monito ring the work place are not specified. The standard req uir es employe e training that includes methods and observa tio ns that are used to detect the presence or release of a haza rd ous chemic a l in the work area. Ionizing Radiation , Mercury, Formaldehyde , and Nitrous O xide are recognized as poss ible hazardous age nts which cannot be detect ed by visual appearance or odor. Monitoring devices are recommended. Brief descriptio ns of the se possibl e mo nitors follows .

RADIATION SAFETY MONITORS

Persona l Rad i atio n Dosimetry

Pocket dosimeters detect ranges from 50 KVP to 90 KVP to rnea s me an individu al's exposure to ionizing (low level scatter) radiation during actual job performance. The se dosime ters provide data to determine actual expos ur e leve l that the individual rece ives in the work place and provides necessary data to ensure that thresho ld exposure lim its are not exceeded. Badges


will be sent out for interpretation on a _ _ _ _ to State la w)

Film Badges


_ _ _


_ (monthly or quarterly - according


Film badges measure leve ls of radiat ion which exceed 90 KVP. Badges are sent out


_ _ _


_ _ _ _ _


_ (mo nthly or quarterly - accord ing to State law) for interpretatio n.


FORMALDEHYDE AND NITROUS OXIDE MONITORS

Forma ld e hyde and Nitrous Oxide Monitor s are "pas ive" de vices u ed to measure the conce ntratio n of formaldehyde or Nitrous Oxide in the air. Each monito r is uni que and can only measure the concentration of one type of gas. The y ca n be worn near the breathing zone to measure personal expos ure to nitrous oxide or formaldehyde, or they can be placed in a room to measure area conce ntratio n. A laboratory report provides a record of pai1s per million (pp m) of the hazardo us che mica l in the work place. The NJOSH recommended maximum expos ure le ve ls for nit rous ox ide are 50 ppm in a dental operatory., I 000 ppm is OSHA's maximum. Formaldehyde's 8-Ho ur T im e Weighted Average maximum concentratio n is .5 ppm or 2 ppm short term (15 minute) ex posure limit. These le vels are lo be measu red as the time-weig hted Average (TW A) co nce ntrat io ns d urin g the period of personal exposure. These detec tors give the TW A co nce nt ratio n direc tly, in complia nce wit h NIOSH and state and federal gove rnme nt s tandards.

SUMMARY

The Emplo yer's re ponsibility to protect employees from hazards includes the following:

• Evaluate work place for Hazards to mo nitor

• SELECT and OBTAJN necessary monitoring eq uipme nt

• MO NITOR the ENVIRONMENT for known hazards

• Initiate Action Plans to elimina te unn ecessary expos ure

• TRAIN emplo yees to recognize, follow con-ect usage pro ce dures, record and co mpre hend res ul ts of ENVIRONM ENTAL MO NITORS.

• MALNT AIN RECORDS of work place MONITORS, MONITOR RECORDS, and employee TR A1NING about mo nitors.

• Frequency of monitoring can depe nd on a numb er of factors: operation policies of facility, State law, resu lts of testing. For a physician office, if lhe reading is within acce ptable lim its, it is not usually required to repeat test unl ess the ope ratio n and/or exposure poten ti al has changed.


HAZARDOUS CHEMICALS MONITORING LOG

INSTRUCTIONS

1. Read and follow instructions packaged with monitor. Record name of chemical, date, start time, and end time.

2. If exposure is very Limited, do a 15 minute and 8 hour test.

3. Read device and record information on chart. [f applicable, re-seaJ device in conta in e r and return to monitoring company for evaluation using envelop e provided. When results are returned, record the co ncen tratio n evaluation on chart.

4. Compare measured concentration to exposure limit.

5. If the reading is acceptable and policies and usage do not change this procedure does not have to be repeated .

NOTE: Formaldehyde Exposure Limit = .l ppm or 2pprn short term. Nitrous Oxide Exposure Limit= 50 ppm in a dental operatory. If measured reading approaches 25% of exposure limit, evalu ate procedures, venti la tion or other means to reduce the concentration of the Hazardous Chem ica l.

Chemical Tested

Date

Start Time

End Time

Exposure Limit

Concentra- rion

Name


--

PRECAUTIONS FOR THE HANDLING OF RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS

GENERAL POLICY:

IQ" Obtain and maintain a Registra tio n Ce rti fica te from the US Nuclear Reg ula to ry Co mmjssio n

or O bta in a State lice nce for radioac Live mate ria ls - if required by S late law.

O nly personnel lice nced to perform nuclea r testing will perform tests.

IQ" Facilit y will have a copy of all s tate and fede raJ law s .

Faci lity wi ll post licences and posters require d b y s ta re and fede ral la ws.

IQ" All work with Radioact ive Mate rials must be carried out at a de sig nated work area.

w Limit access to Radio active Mate ri als as reco mme nded by the manufa ctur e r.

es- Store and u. e Radioactive Materia ls as reco mmended by the manufacturer.

G3" Use only syringe, bulb e tte, or an a uto matic pip ette to pip e tte Rad ioact i ve Materials.

es> Do not smoke, drink or eat in designated Rad ioac tive work area.

w Wear gloves at all time and wash hand tho ro ug hly afte r use.

w Wipe up s mall spi lls immed iate ly acco rding to m anufac ture rs info rmat io n. Wash the s urface wi1h an alkali de terge nt or radiological deco ntaminatio n so lu tio n.

Dis po se of a ll Radi oact i ve ma terials acco rdi ng to manufac ture r i nst ruc tio n and in accordance to lo ca l EPA la w. It is your res ponsi bil it y to know these l aws. Detailed docume nta tio n will be kept.

Use a radiatio n detection monito r and reco rd expos ure res ult Keep res ul ts in file.

These rules are to be reviewed and understood by the staff' performing testing. Additional safety information must be added to this information.

POC offer s a s upple ment for nuclear s tr ess testing - call POC to order .


) ) )


SDS - CHEMICAL INVENTORY LOG USI NG NFPA LABELI NG SYSTEM


5 - 20



Facility of _ _


_ _ _ _ _


_ _ _


_ _ _ _


_ _ _


Prepared by: _ _ _


_ _ _ _ _ _


_ Date: _ _


_ _ _ _


C a ta l og #

Q u a n t i ty S t o r e d

Ph ys ical

H aza rd Class

M anufa c tur er's Comments

( optio nal )

M onthl y (o p t i o n a l )

S t a t e

(o pt io n a l )

H F

R

p

Name

(F) Fire Hazard (R) Reactivity (P) Protection

Dates Updated:


NF P A CO D ES: {H) Health

0

Minimal

0

Will not burn

0

Minimal

A

Goggles

l

Slight

1

Slight (if heated)

I

S light

B

Goggles/Gloves

2

Moderate

2

Moderate (combustible)

2

Moderate

C

Goggles/Gloves/Apro n

3

Serious

3

Sedous

3

Serious

D

Face Sbield/G lovcs/Apron

4

Extreme

4

Extreme

4

Extreme

E

Goggles/Gloves/Mask

F

Goggles/Gloves/Apron/Mask

X

Gloves

* Use this log to document chemicals la beled with NFPA labels. Refer to the section on labe ling for more detailed informa tion on a bove codes.